The use of mechanical fasteners is still main assembling method for CFRP sub-structures in aircrafts and helicopters. However, this type of joint introduces complex stress field in the hole surroundings producing failures risk. In this work, a progressive damage 3D model of the riveted joint has been implemented to predict the residual strength and compliance after first damage signs and reproduce the final failure of composite joints under tensile test. Two 3D FEM Models were used and results are compared to experimental tests. The junction stiffness under load was evaluated and preliminary analysis shows both the coefficient of friction and preload induce not significant alteration of the composite joint behaviour. On refined model, a 3D Hashin-type failure criterion was used to analyze damage of matrix and fibers, beginning in the hole where contact conditions with the bolt pin and head are more severe and is evenly distributed in various plies, leading to final rupture of second or third one. Successively, delaminations were introduced with cohesive model, since is considered to produce reliable results, because the initial compression collapse in critical layers in contact with rivet is proved to affect shear and compression load transfer to other layers, giving rise to localized internal delaminations, propagating successively in width.

Damage investigation of Aeronautical CFRP laminates under Bearing Tests

Dattoma, V.;Nobile, R.;Panella, F. W.;Pirinu, A.;Saponaro, A.
2019

Abstract

The use of mechanical fasteners is still main assembling method for CFRP sub-structures in aircrafts and helicopters. However, this type of joint introduces complex stress field in the hole surroundings producing failures risk. In this work, a progressive damage 3D model of the riveted joint has been implemented to predict the residual strength and compliance after first damage signs and reproduce the final failure of composite joints under tensile test. Two 3D FEM Models were used and results are compared to experimental tests. The junction stiffness under load was evaluated and preliminary analysis shows both the coefficient of friction and preload induce not significant alteration of the composite joint behaviour. On refined model, a 3D Hashin-type failure criterion was used to analyze damage of matrix and fibers, beginning in the hole where contact conditions with the bolt pin and head are more severe and is evenly distributed in various plies, leading to final rupture of second or third one. Successively, delaminations were introduced with cohesive model, since is considered to produce reliable results, because the initial compression collapse in critical layers in contact with rivet is proved to affect shear and compression load transfer to other layers, giving rise to localized internal delaminations, propagating successively in width.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/432890
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