In this study, we used the ovarian cancer cells Skov-3,a cell line resistant to cisplatin, in order to investigate whether [Pt(O,O’-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)] was able to induce cell death. Skov-3 cells were treated with [Pt(O,O’-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)] or with cisplatin and cytotoxicity tests were performed, together with western blotting of several proteins involved in apoptosis and autophagy, including LC-3 I/II and Beclin-1, considered important autophagic markers. The results obtained showed that [Pt(O,O’-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)] induced a significant decrease in Skov-3 cell viability. We assessed the activation of both apoptotic and autophagic processes since western blotting analyses showed a time-dependent increment of the expression levels of autophagic markers Beclin-1 and LC-3, together with the proteolytic activation of caspase 9 and the degradation of PARP. The formation of autophagic vacuoles was detected by visualization of monodansylcadaverine (MDC) in Skov-3 cells incubated with [Pt(O,O’-acac)(gamma-acac)(DMS)]-treated cells, but not in cisplatin-treated cells. In addition, cisplatin caused apoptosis in Skov-3 cells since it activated caspases 7, 3 and 9 with consequent PARP proteolysis whilst it did not have any effect on LC-3II and Beclin-1 activation, thus showing the absence of autophagic processess. In conclusion, both [Pt(O,O’-acac)(gamma-acac)(DMS)] and cisplatin induced apoptotic Skov-3 cell death, but only [Pt(O,O’-acac)(gamma-acac)(DMS)] was able to induce autophagy.

[Pt(O,O'-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)] induces autophagy and apoptosis in Skov-3 ovarian carcinoma cells

ANTONACI, GIOVANNA;MUSCELLA, Antonella
Secondo
;
COSSA, LUCA GIULIO;VETRUGNO, CARLA;FANIZZI, Francesco Paolo;DE PASCALI, SANDRA ANGELICA;MARSIGLIANTE, Santo
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

In this study, we used the ovarian cancer cells Skov-3,a cell line resistant to cisplatin, in order to investigate whether [Pt(O,O’-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)] was able to induce cell death. Skov-3 cells were treated with [Pt(O,O’-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)] or with cisplatin and cytotoxicity tests were performed, together with western blotting of several proteins involved in apoptosis and autophagy, including LC-3 I/II and Beclin-1, considered important autophagic markers. The results obtained showed that [Pt(O,O’-acac)(γ-acac)(DMS)] induced a significant decrease in Skov-3 cell viability. We assessed the activation of both apoptotic and autophagic processes since western blotting analyses showed a time-dependent increment of the expression levels of autophagic markers Beclin-1 and LC-3, together with the proteolytic activation of caspase 9 and the degradation of PARP. The formation of autophagic vacuoles was detected by visualization of monodansylcadaverine (MDC) in Skov-3 cells incubated with [Pt(O,O’-acac)(gamma-acac)(DMS)]-treated cells, but not in cisplatin-treated cells. In addition, cisplatin caused apoptosis in Skov-3 cells since it activated caspases 7, 3 and 9 with consequent PARP proteolysis whilst it did not have any effect on LC-3II and Beclin-1 activation, thus showing the absence of autophagic processess. In conclusion, both [Pt(O,O’-acac)(gamma-acac)(DMS)] and cisplatin induced apoptotic Skov-3 cell death, but only [Pt(O,O’-acac)(gamma-acac)(DMS)] was able to induce autophagy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11587/410225
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