The aim of this work is the analysis of ageing phenomenon occurring in amorphous thermoplastic polymers below their glass transition temperature by pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) analysis. The ageing behavior of different polymers as a function of the heating and cooling rates has been widespread studied. Also, different works in literature are aimed to study the effect of the applied pressure on the glass transition behavior. Another relevant aspect related to the glass transition behavior is related to the ageing effects, which can also be influenced by the applied pressure. This is a very relevant issue, since most of the polymers, during ageing, are subjected to mechanical loading. PVT analysis was used to study the ageing of amorphous PET copolymer (PETg) at different pressure levels. Specific volume-temperature curves measured during the cooling and the heating steps were used for calculating the relaxed specific volume, showing that ageing effects increase with increasing applied pressure. The evolution of the fictive temperature as a function of time was calculated from experimental data.

Analysis of ageing of amorphous thermoplastic polymers by PVT analysis

GRECO, Antonio;MAFFEZZOLI, Alfonso;GENNARO, RICCARDO;
2012-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this work is the analysis of ageing phenomenon occurring in amorphous thermoplastic polymers below their glass transition temperature by pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) analysis. The ageing behavior of different polymers as a function of the heating and cooling rates has been widespread studied. Also, different works in literature are aimed to study the effect of the applied pressure on the glass transition behavior. Another relevant aspect related to the glass transition behavior is related to the ageing effects, which can also be influenced by the applied pressure. This is a very relevant issue, since most of the polymers, during ageing, are subjected to mechanical loading. PVT analysis was used to study the ageing of amorphous PET copolymer (PETg) at different pressure levels. Specific volume-temperature curves measured during the cooling and the heating steps were used for calculating the relaxed specific volume, showing that ageing effects increase with increasing applied pressure. The evolution of the fictive temperature as a function of time was calculated from experimental data.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11587/370050
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